小升初英语语法二(名词所有格)与不定冠词的用法

学习啦  惠敏   2019-05-23 15:34:50

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  小升初英语语法三(不用定冠词的八种情况)

  从八个方面来学习一下哪些时候不用定冠词“the”。

  一、定冠词不与表示一类人或事物的复数名词连用。例如:

  1. I like reading the books.(×) I like reading books.(√)

  2. She likes the cats.(×) She likes cats.(√)

  二、定冠词不能用在某些习惯用语中的名词前面。例如:

  1. I have lunch at the noon.(×) I have lunch at noon.(√)

  2. We go to school by the bus.(×) We go to school by bus.(√)

  三、定冠词不能用在某些专用名词和不可数名词前面。例如:

  1. I like the China.(×) I like China.(√)

  2. Would you like a cup of the water? (×)

  Would you like a cup of water?(√)

  四、定冠词不能用在节日、日期、月份、季节前面。例如:

  1. Today is the Teachers' Day. (×)

  Today is Teachers' Day.(√)

  2. He was born in the May in 1987. (×)

  He was born in May in 1987. (√)

  五、定冠词不能用在表示称呼语或某些头衔的名词前面(尤其作表语、宾补时)。例如:

  1. Good morning, the sir!(×)

  Good morning, sir! (√)

  2. I need some help, the Mummy.(×)

  I need some help, Mummy.(√)

  六、定冠词不能与名词前已有作定语用的this, that, my, your, some, any等代词连用。例如:

  1. This the pen is mine. (×)

  This pen is mine.(√)

  2. I have the some money. (×)

  I have some money. (√)

  七、定冠词不能用在表示科目名词的前面。例如:

  1. We will learn the Chinese, the history and the Maths this afternoon. (×)

  We will learn Chinese, history and Maths this afternoon.(√)

  2. The English is the most interesting of all the subjects.(×)

  English is the most interesting of all the subjects.(√)

  八、定冠词不能用在三餐和球类运动名词的前面。例如:

  1. She goes to school after the breakfast every morning.(×)

  She goes to school after breakfast every morning.(√)

  2. We often play the football after school. (×)

  We often play football after school. (√)

  小升初英语语法二(名词所有格)

  在英语中,特别是表示有生命的名词,可以加's表示所属关系,名词的这种形式我们称之为名词的所有格。

  一、名词词尾加's的所有格1. 一般情况在名词后加's。例如:

  That girl's coat is in the room. 那个女孩的衣服在房间里。

  2. 在以s结尾的名词(包括以s结尾的复数名词)后面,只加 '。 如果复数名词不是以s结尾的,末尾也要加's。例如:

  Today is September 10th, Teachers' Day. 今天是九月十日,教师节。

  Children's Day is coming, I should buy something new for my son. 儿童节马上就要到了,我应该为我的儿子买一些新东西。

  3. 表示词组内的并列名词各自的所有关系时,须在各个名词后加's;如果一个东西为两个人或者两个以上的人共同拥有,只在最后一个名词后面加's。例如:

  They are John's and Kate's rooms. How beautiful they are! 这是约翰和凯特的房间。它们(指房间)太漂亮了!

  He is Lily and Lucy's father. 他是莉莉和露西的爸爸。

  4. 表示某人的家、店铺等的所有格,一般可以省略它后面所修饰的名词。例如:

  My father and I will have dinner at the Johnson's (home )。 我爸爸和我将要去约翰逊的家吃晚饭。

  We will have our hair cut at the barber's(shop) tomorrow afternoon. 明天下午我们要去理发店理发。

  5. 有些指时间、距离、国家、城镇等的名词,也可以加's构成所有格。例如:

  There is something important in today's newspaper. 今天的报纸上有一些重要的东西。

  It's about ten minutes' walk from school to our home every day. 每天从学校到我们家步行大约需要十分钟。

  6. 英语名词所有格修饰的词,如果前面已经提到过,后面则可以省略,以防止重复。例如:

  This is not Dick's dictionary, but is Tom's. 这不是迪克的字典,但是是汤姆的。

  二、由of短语构成的所有格1. 表示“无生命的名词”一般与of构成短语,表示所有关系。例如:

  There is a river on the other side of the road. 在公路的另一边有一条河。

  2. 有时我们用名词 + of +名词所有格构成双重所有格的形式。例如:

  This is a photo of Mr Brown's. 这是一张布朗先生的照片。

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